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Common Conditions linked to back pain

Some of the common conditions and diseases that could match your symptoms:


Sciatica is a pain that results when your sciatic nerve is compressed or irritated. Sciatic pain normally radiates along your sciatic nerve which runs from your lower back to your feet.

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Ankylosing spondylitis is a type of inflammatory arthritis that mainly affects your spine. If you have AS your spinal joints and bones (vertebrae) become inflamed. Over time, new bone may grow around the joints in your spine. This can lead to back and neck stiffness, called ankylosis, in some people. In severe cases, the extra bone can fuse sections of your spinal bones together in a fixed, immobile position and can result in a hunched-forward posture. Bone spurs may also grow.

What are the symptoms?
  • Back or neck pain and stiffness – often worse in the mornings and during the night
  • Fatigue
  • Pain and swelling in other parts of the body such as your hip and shoulder joints.

Spinal Stenosis

Spinal stenosis is a condition where your spinal canal narrows and causes symptoms of spinal nerve and cord compression.

What are the symptoms?

Many people do not have any symptoms, even when spinal stenosis is evidenced on a scan. When symptoms do occur, they often start gradually and get worse over time. The symptoms depend on the location of your stenosis and which nerves are affected. Many people do not have any symptoms, even when spinal stenosis is evidenced on a scan. When symptoms do occur, they often start gradually and get worse over time. The symptoms depend on the location of your stenosis and which nerves are affected.

Symptoms of stenosis in your neck (cervical spine)

  • Numbness, weakness or tingling in a hand, arm, foot or leg.
  • Problems with walking and balance such as leg stiffness or tripping while walking.
  • Neck pain.
  • Difficulty with fine motor hand control such as buttoning, writing and typing.
  • In severe cases, bowel or bladder problems including urinary urgency and incontinence.
Symptoms of stenosis in your lower back (lumbar spine)
  • Lower back pain
  • Pain, tingling, cramping or weakness/heaviness in one or both legs when you stand or walk for long periods of time. These symptoms usually ease when you sit or bend forwards. This is known as neurogenic claudication and occurs in the majority of people with stenosis.
  • Numbness, weakness or pain that radiates to your buttocks and legs. These are symptoms of a compressed lumbar nerve root, called radiculopathy.


Spondylosis is a degenerative change in your spine that can cause a loss of your normal spinal structure and function. Spondylosis can occur in the cervical (neck), thoracic (mid-back), or lumbar (lower back) sections of your spine. Sometimes spondylosis is referred to as osteoarthritis or degenerative joint disease

What are the symptoms?

Spondylosis does not always cause symptoms. The symptoms of spondylosis depends on its severity and the part of your spine that is affected.

  • Cervical spondylosis – causes neck and shoulder pain or stiffness that comes and goes, and headaches that often start at the back of your neck. You may also experience numbness, tingling, weakness or pain, called cervical radiculopathy, extending into the mid-back and shoulder area and possibly into the arms.
  • Thoracic spondylosis - produces mid back pain and stiffness. You may also feel numbness, tingling or pain radiating into your chest, ribs, or abdominal areas. It is much less common than cervical or lumbar spondylosis.
  • Lumbar spondylosis – can bring about aching, pain, or stiffness in your lower back. You may also feel numbness, tingling, pain, or weakness in your legs (radiculopathy)


Osteoarthritis (OA) is a common form of arthritis when your bones and weight-bearing joints, including your spine, become inflamed. Osteoarthritis occurs due to “wear and tear” in your joints. Your bones and joints become worn and damaged and this leads to the area becoming inflamed. Osteoarthritis is known as degenerative joint disease and can affect any joint in your body including your hips, knees, fingers, toes and spine.

Spinal osteoarthritis can occur anywhere along your spine. It most frequently happens in your lower back (lumbar) and neck (cervical spine) and specifically affects the cartilage and ligaments at your facet joints. Everyday movements put stress on your spinal joints as they balance your body weight and allow your spine to bend and twist. Over time, this stress causes your facet joints to wear and become inflamed and may lead to pain and stiffness in your spine.

What are the symptoms?

The main symptoms of osteoarthritis are:

  • Joint pain and stiffness
  • Problems moving your joint
  • Swollen and tender joint
  • Clicking noises and grating sensations when moving a joint
The severity and intensity of the symptoms can vary from person to person.